Schijf van Vijf - en

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Can OFF support the dutch Disk of Five (nl)? End November 2019 the dutch government has decided to introduce Nutri-Score in 2021. In the time in between they want to cooperate the international Nutri-Score coordination group to have Nutri-Score adapted to the national Dutch diet advice: the Disk of Five.


The Disk of Five (DOF) (Schijf van Vijf) is a diet advice for healthly eating, which consists of five slices.

  • Fruit/Vegetables
  • Fats
  • Dairy, nuts, fish, legumes, meat, egg
  • Bread, wheat products, potatoes
  • Beverages

For each slice one or more product categories are defined. On a finer level the amount and regularity of the intake is described. Or the nutritional values or ingredients are taken into account.

This approach is very similar to the definition of a diet within OFF. A diet is defined by a set of rules, which fit the diet. These rules can be an ingredient, a category, a label and a nutritional value. A diet can have multiple levels, which define how well a product adheres to the diet rules.

In principle the DOF diet has one main level: either a product fits or it doesn't. Products outside DOF can be subdived in two groups: daily and weekly choice.

Disk Of Five Rules

The first step is to find the rules used by DOF. To find these rules, the official 2016 guidelines are used (Bijlage 5). The rules are defined per slice and product groups within a slice.

1 Vegetable and Fruit Slice

1.1.a Unprocessed Vegetables

Nutrition Inside Outside Day Outside Week
- Fresh vegetables - Zeekraal
- Frozen vegetables - Zeewier

1.1.b Processed Vegetables

Nutrition Inside Outside Day Outside Week
Saturated fat <0.5% Dried vegetables - Zuurkool
Fats < 0.1% Canned vegetables - Canned vegetables with added salt and/or sugar
No added salt Mashed vegetables - -
No added sugars Mashed vegetables - -

Vegetable juices fall in another slice.

1.2.a Unprocessed Fruit

Nutrition Inside Outside
- Fresh fruit Coconut
- Frozen fruit -

1.2.b Processed Fruit

Nutrition Inside Outside Day Outside Week
Saturated fat <0.2% Dried vegetables Pureed apple Pureed apple
Fats < 0.1% Canned fruit Pineapple on sirop slice Fruit on sirop
No added salt Pureed fruit - -
No added sugars Dried fruit - -

Unprocessed meats

Nutrition Inside Outside
Sat fat < 5% Chicken Gehakt
No added transfats Pork Lard
No added sodium Beef Fat beef
No added sugar Low fat gehakt -

Processed meats

Nutrition Inside Outside
not applicable none Hamburgers
- - Rundervink
- - Sausages
- - Shoarma

Meat simili (Kant-en-klare vleesvervangers)

Nutrition Inside Outside
saturated fat < 2.5% Tofu non adherence to nutrition rules
transfats < 0.1% Tempé -
sodium < 0.45% any Meat simili -
Fe > 0.8 mmg - -
B12 > 0.24 microg - -
B1 0.06 mg - -
no added sugar - -
Protein >20 en% - -


Nutrition Inside Outside
not relevant none All processed meats


Nutrition Inside Possibly inside
not relevant Egg Baked egg if fried in inside fat


Nutrition Inside Outside
transfats < 0,1% all nuts non adherence to nutrition rules
no added Sodium peanuts -
no added sugar seeds -
no added sugar nut pastes and peanut butter -

Slice Milk and milk products

This is based on saturated fat percentage (<1,1%), no added transfats, No added Sodium (<0,16%) and total sugar <6%.

Accepted: - skimmed and semi-skimmed milk: - Skimmed and semi-skimmed coffee milk - Skimmed and semi-skimmed yoghurts - Fermented milks - Skimmed quark (magere kwark) - Skimmed and semi-skimmed yoghurt drinks that adhere to the nutritional criteria

Not accepted: - milk - Yoghurt - Vla - Pudding - Skimmed and semi-skimmed yoghurt drinks and fruit yoghurts with sugar - Smoothies based in dairy and fruit

Additional nutritional criteria for vegetable protein drinks and desserts: Calcium > 0,08%, B12 > 0,24 microgr, protein > 20%.

Accepted: - vegetable proteindrinks and desserts with Calcium and B12;

Not accepted: - vegetable proteindrinks with > 6% sugar.


Nutrition Inside Outside
saturated fat <14% 20+ and 30+ cheese with reduced salt 48+ cheese
transfats < 1% Soft goats cheese 40%
Sodium <0.82% Mozzarella Foreign cheeses, such as Brie, blue cheeses
no added sugars Dairy spreads -
- Mozzarella -
Extra Nutrition Inside Outside
Calcium > 0.5% Cheese replacements -
B12 > 0,24 microgr - -
proteins > 20% - -

Fats Slice

Nutrition rules Inside Outside
saturated fat <30% Halvarine in cup Margarine in film
transfats < 1% Margarin in cup Baking fats in film
Sodium <0,16% Fluid margarine, also for baking (bottle) Solid frying fats
No added sugars Vegetable oils, such as sunflower or olive Coconut fat
- - Butter

Beverages Slice

Inside Inside limited Outside
water espresso - cups (limit intake (a bit cafestol)) soda's (due to sugar content)
tea (black and green) - light soda's

(due to acidity)

filtered coffee - pads (no cafestol) - vegetable juices

(due to sugar content)

- - fruit juices

(due to sugar content)

- - alcoholic beverages

Other product groups Not accepted: - Soups - Sauces - Snacks - Bread coverings? (Broodbeleg)

OFF interpretation

This section will describe how the Disk Of Five algorithm can be adapted to OFF.

OFF DOF Algorithm

OFF should follow the same algorithm as the Disk Of Five Algorithm:

  • assign OFF product category - each product should have a product category assigned, otherwise the DOF can not work;
  • map product category to DOF categories - it is attempted to map the OFF category to a DOF category:
    • success - the OFF category correspond to an existing DOF category. We can continue the analysis:
      • assign DOF slice - determine in which slice the product belongs;
      • assign DOF sub-slice - determine the subslice of the product;
      • determine the level of the product - a product is either inside or outside DOF
        • inside? - continue with the inside analysis
          • limit intake
          • does not match nutritional rquirements
        • outside?
    • no success - each OFF category should correspond to a DOF category. As there are only a limited number of DOF categories, this can fail. The product is then unrecognised with respect to DOF. It should get the label unrecognised DOF category.

OFF Changes required

Category taxonomy

  • introduce the categories en:red-meat (meat from mammals) and en:white-meat. The intake from red meat should be limited and takes a less prominent place in the Disk Of Five.